The main gate
is via its capital Mytilene, currently populated
by about 30.000 inhabitants. It is one of the oldest towns
in the Aegean Sea with a rich historical and cultural
past, founded in early 10th Century B.C. Resent
excavations have revealed ruins from all its periods –
archaic, classic, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine and
they also show that it was built on seven adjoining hills.
It spreads amphitheatrically within two
ports and with many neoclassical buildings adorning the
neighbourhoods, right across the coastline ending at the
airport. Some of these renovated buildings house various
civil services such as the Ministry of the Aegean, the
Court of Justice, the District of the North Aegean, the
approaching Mytilene by the sea at first glance you are
the view of the sprawling Castle and the Statue
of Liberty towering over the port. Notable historical
monuments such as the Ancient Theatre can be found
all over the city. The theatre was built
on the pine clad hill of Agia Kyriaki at northwest of
Mytilene during the Hellenistic period with a seating
capacity of 15,000 and perfect acoustics. According to
tradition, the Roman Emperor Pompey during his visit to
Lesvos decided to build one just like it in Rome.
Mytilene is a vibrant, busy city, living
modern life to the full with high numbers of the younger
generation due to the 3000 University students, studying
at the University of the Aegean. It has a busy town centre
with its associated traffic challenges and variety of
shops catering to diverse requirements.
A new addition to the
selection of shops is LESVOSHOP located in a very
prominent place in the esplanade. It’s a wonderfully
restored old building which displays and sells all manner
of quality products produced at Lesvos and Limnos. There
is also lots of choice for nighttime entertainment to
satisfy all the choices, moods and tastes of the crowd.
Places worth a visit are:
Two Archaeological Museums,
The Museum of Byzantine Art,
The Folk Art Museum,
The Traditional Lesbian House,
The Yeni Jami
The magnificent Churches of Agios Therapon & Agioi
The Cathedral of Agios Athanasios.
area outside of Mytilene in some places is covered
with the silver green blanket of olive-groves and in
others by pine forests. Lovely beaches unfold along the
coast and invite any traveller to relax in the hot Lesvian
sun savouring the crystal clear Aegean.
towards the airport and ending up north of Mytilene, you
can “loop the loop” around the peninsular of Amali -
from Varia to Pamfilla - and visit the many
picturesque villages, each one with its own identity.